Protecting employees and equipment from the dangers of arc-flash events has become a priority among plant professionals, according to a recent survey conducted by Littelfuse, Inc. As a result, protection technologies such as arc-flash relays are rapidly growing in popularity.
Even 10 years ago, arc-flash danger wasn’t at the top of many minds, the survey reports, but today 85% of the 825 survey respondents agree or strongly agree that arc-flash mitigation is important. According to OSHA, industrial arc-flash events cause approximately 80% of electrically related accidents and fatalities among qualified electrical workers.
Regulatory bodies, such as OSHA, require workplaces to have safety standards in place. Additionally, arc-flash hazard assessments are used to determine the Hazard Risk Category (HRC) of each piece of electrical equipment (a scale of 1-4). Although the NFPA 70E is moving away from HRCs, they remain a well-known classification. More than 50% of survey respondents reported having significant (HRC 3 or higher) arc-flash hazards and agreed that reducing those hazards is important.
Not only has awareness increased; plant managers and company leaders are taking action, the survey finds. The majority of industrial professionals surveyed (67%) reported completing an arc-flash hazard assessment in their facilities.
How then to reduce arc-flash hazards and keep workers safe? Survey respondents ranked the popularity of solutions, with arc-flash relays standing out as relative newcomers that are being rapidly embraced.
The most popular mitigation technique is current-limiting fuses, followed by arc-resistant switchgear, arc-flash relays, and high-resistance grounding. Current-limiting fuses are well established in the industry, however, since an arc-flash draws less current than a bolted fault and may not be interrupted by the circuit-breaker in its instantaneous operating time, other forms of arc-flash mitigation must be used. Arc-resistant switchgear is another option but it can be a costly solution that can be difficult to implement in existing facilities and offers little additional protection when a door is open. High-resistance grounding systems lower the energy available to ground faults and therefore eliminate the occurrence of phase-to-ground arc faults. Phase-to-phase arc faults or phase-to-phase-through-ground arc faults can still occur in high-resistance grounded systems requiring additional mitigation techniques. Arc-flash relays stand out as relative newcomers that are being rapidly embraced. Arc-flash relays are a growing solution because they immediately detect the light from an arc and send a trip signal to the circuit breaker to disconnect the power quickly enough to drastically reduce incident energy.
“In an industry that changes slowly, I’ve never seen such a fast adoption of a new technology as I have seen with arc-flash relays,” said Jeff Glenney, P.Eng., Sales Engineering Manager, of Littelfuse. “Companies feel pressure to reduce arc-flash hazards. Arc-flash relays are easy to install, comparably low cost, and offer simple yet reliable operation.”
“Accordingly, many plant managers are adding arc flash relays to their electrical switchgear and motor control centers,” Glenney said. The use of these and other devices on circuit-breakers rated 1200 amps or more is now included in the 2014 edition of the NEC, section 240.87 (B).
Considering that many survey respondents have electrical panels rated HRC 3 or higher, the danger of an arc-flash is real. “The fast adoption of arc flash relays and other mitigating techniques will have a significant impact in improving plant worker electrical safety,” Glenney said.
The participants in the Littelfuse survey included safety managers, plant managers, purchasing managers, design/project engineers and maintenance staff/electricians from a multitude of industries.
For more information on the Littelfuse PGR-8800 Arc-Flash Relay, visit http://www.Littelfuse.com/ArcFlash.